Análise crítica das construções protéticas, fixas e removíveis, sobre implantes em pacientes edentados

Danilo Chaccur, Flávia M. Lopes, Atlas E. Moleros Nakamae, Maria Luiza Moreira Arantes Frigerio, Pedro Tortamano Neto, Dalva Cruz Laganá

Resumo

A osseointegração é, sem sombra de dúvida, a responsável pelo notável avanço tecnológico, mudança de conceitos filosóficos e condução de planejamentos voltados à reabilitação oral, como também, pela disseminação e propagação dos conhecimentos, interferindo sobremaneira nas demais áreas da Odontologia contemporânea. Os implantes osseointegrados são cada vez mais utilizados para substituir dentes perdidos em várias situações, desde a perda de um único dente até em casos de completo edentulismo. A reabilitação de pacientes desdentados com próteses fixas ou overdentures removíveis é um processo complexo e desafiador. Existem fatores cruciais para a decisão de uma prótese fixa ou removível para se obter estética, fonética, promover conforto e função. Além disso, o resultado do tratamento está relacionado à taxa de sobrevivência dos implantes, à manutenção do osso marginal, à saúde do tecido periimplantar, à longevidade dos componentes protéticos e da prótese em si. Esse estudo buscou analisar as vantagens e desvantagens das reabilitações protéticas sobre implantes, fixas e removíveis, para pacientes totalmente desdentados.

Palavras-chave

Implantes dentários;Arcada edentada;Prótese dentária fixada por implantes; Prótese total.

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Referências

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