Principals and teamwork among teachers: an exploratory study




Principals, School leadership, Teamwork, Teachers? teamwork


This study explored the role public school principals play in implementing teamwork among K-12 teachers. A sample of 636 U.S. principals completed an online survey rating the importance of teamwork, identifying the barriers teachers face when working in teams, and listing the initiatives they have taken to promote teamwork among teachers. The findings suggest that principals consider teamwork to be very important. They also showed that time constraints, relationship concerns, and differences in teaching and experience are the leading barriers to teamwork. The findings also indicated that principals take initiatives


Não há dados estatísticos.


ACHINSTEIN, B. Conflict amid community: The micropolitics of teacher collaboration. Teachers College Record, 2002, 104(3), 421-455.

AMORIM NETO, R. C., BURSEY, A., JANOWIAK, D., McCARTY, C., & DEMETER, B. Teamwork and motivation to leave the teaching profession: An exploratory study. Journal of Education, 2008, 198(3), 215-224.

AVANZI, L., FRACCAROLI, F., CASTELLI, L., MARCIONETTI, J., CRESCENTINI, A., BALDUCCI, C., & VAN DICK, R. How to mobilize social support against workload and burnout: The role of organizational identification. Teaching and Teacher Education, 2008, 69, 154-167.

BAKER, D. P., SALAS, E., KING, H., BATTLES, J., & BARACH, P. (2005). The role of teamwork in the professional education of physicians: Current status and assessment recommendations. Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety, 31(4), 185-202.

BALLANGRUD, R., HUSEBO, S. E., & HALL-LORD, M. L. Cross-cultural validation and psychometric testing of the Norwegian version of the TeamSTEPPS® teamwork perceptions questionnaire. BMC Health Services Research, 2017, 17(1), 799-809.

BALYER, A. Trust in school principals: Teachers? opinions. Journal of Education and Learning, 2017, 6(2), 317-325.

BENOLIEL, P., & SCHECHTER, C. Teamwork doubting and doubting teamwork. Improving Schools, 2018, 21(3), 225-239.

BOYD, D., GROSSMAN, P., ING, M. LANKFORD, H., LOEB, S., & WYCKOFF, J. (2011). The influence of school administrators on teacher retention decisions. American Educational Research Journal, 48, 303-333.

BUCHANAN, J., PRESCOTT, A., SCHUCK, S., AUBUSSON, P., BURKE, P., & LOUVIERE, J. Teacher retention and attrition: Views of early career teachers. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 2013, 38(3), 112-129.

CETIN, M., & KESER, S. The teacher leader in context of shared leadership in public schools. American Journal of Educational Research, 2015, 3(8), 1027-1035.

CHANTATHAIi, P., TESAPUTA, K., & SOMPRACH, K. Development of effective teacher program: Teamwork building program for Thailand? s municipal schools. International Education Studies, 2015, 8(9), 138-147.

CHERKOWSKI, S., & SCHNELLERT, L. Teacher, team, and school change through reciprocal learning. Teacher Development, 2018, 22(2), 229-248.

DATNOW, A. Collaboration and contrived collegiality: Revisiting Hargreaves in the age of accountability. Journal of Educational Change, 2011, 12(2), 147-158.

DRAGO-SEVERSON, E., & PINTO, K. School leadership for reducing teacher isolation: Drawing from the well of human resources. International Journal of Leadership in Education, 2006, 9(2), 129-155.

DUFOUR, R. Collaboration is the key to unlocking potential. The Learning Principal, 2006, 2(3), 6-7.

DUYAR, I., GUMUS, S., & BELLIBAS, M. S. Multilevel analysis of teacher work attitudes. International Journal of Educational Management, 2013, 27(7), 700-719.

GROYSBERG, B., LEE, J., PRICE, J., & CHENG, J. (2018). The leader? s guide to corporate culture. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from /pdf%20files/research%20and%20insight%20pdfs/the-leaders-guide-to-corporate-culture.pdf

HALLAM, P. R., BOREN, D. M., HITE, J. M., HITE, S. J., & MUGIMU, C. B. Headteacher visibility and teacher perceptions of headteacher trustworthiness: A comparison of the Ugandan context to existing theory. International Journal of Educational Development, 2013, 233, 510-520.

HALLAM, P. R., SMITH, H., HITE, J., HITE, S., & WILCOX, B. Trust and collaboration in PLC teams: Teacher relationships, principal support, and collaborative benefits. NASSP Bulletin, 2015, 99, 193-216.

HWANG, J. I., & AHN, J. Teamwork and clinical error reporting among nurses in Korean hospitals. Asian Nursing Research, 2015, 9(1), 14-20.

KARAKUS, M., & TOREMEN, F. How our schools can be more synergic: Determining the obstacles of teamwork. Team Performance Management, 2005, 14(1), 233-247.

KETTERLIN-GELLER, L. R., BAUMER, P., & LICHON, K. Administrators as advocates for teacher collaboration. Intervention in School and Clinic, 2014, 51(1), 51-57.

KUTSYURUBA, B. Teacher collaboration, mentorship, and intergenerational gap in

Post-Soviet Ukrainian schools. International Journal of Educational Reform, 2011, 20(3), 226-255.

LEONARD, L., & LEONARD, P. The continuing trouble with collaboration: Teachers talk. Current Issues in Education, 2003, 15(3), 1-10 .

LEONARD, L. J., & LEONARD, P. E. Achieving professional community in schools: The

administrator challenge. Planning and Changing, 2005, 36(1), 23-49.

LEVITT, S. R. Addressing cross-cultural teamwork barriers: Implications for industry practice and higher education curricula. Industry and Higher Education, 2016, 30(5), 315-320.

MATSUO, M. Reflective leadership and team learning: An exploratory study. Journal of

Workplace Learning, 2016, 28(5), 307-321.

MICKAN, S., & RODGER, S. Characteristics of effective teams: a literature review. Australian Health Review, 2000, 23(3), 201-208.

MOOLENAAR, N. M., SLEEGERS, P. J. C., & Daly, A. J. Teaming up: Linking collaboration networks, collective efficacy, and student achievement. Teaching and Teacher Education, 2011, 28(2), 251-262.

MULLEN, C. A., & HUTINGER, J. L. The principal? s role in fostering collaborative

learning communities through faculty study group development. Theory Into Practice, 2008, 47(4), 276-285.

O? NEILL, T. A., & SALAS, E. Creating high performance teamwork in organizations. Human Resource Management Review, 2018, 28, 325-331.

PARK, S., HENKIN, A. S., & ENGLEY, R. Teacher team commitment, teamwork and trust: Exploring associations. Journal of Educational Administration, 2005, 43(5), 462-479.

POGHOSYAN, L., NORFUL, A. A., & MARTSOLF, G. R. Primary care nurse practitioner practice characteristics: Barriers and opportunities for interprofessional teamwork. The Journal of Ambulatory Care Management, 2017, 40(1), 77-86.

RONFELDT, M., FARMER, S., McQUEEN, K., & GRISSOM, J. Teacher collaboration in instructional teams and student achievement. American Educational Research Journal, 2015, 52, 475-514.

SHAPIRA-LISCHSHINSKY, O., & AZIEL, V. Team culture perceptions, commitment and effectiveness: Teamwork effects. Educational Practice and Theory, 2010, 32, 33-56.

SKAALVIK, E. M., & SKAALVIK, S. Still motivated to teach? A study of school context variables, stress and job satisfaction among teachers in senior high school. Social Psychology of Education, 2017, 20(1), 15-37.

SZCZESIUL, S., & HUIZENGA, J. The burden of leadership: Exploring the principal? s role in teacher collaboration. Improving Schools, 2014, 17(2), 176-191.

STROM, P. S., STROM, R. D., & MOORE, E. G. Peer and self-evaluation of teamwork skills. Journal of Adolescence, 1999, 22, 539-553.

THOMAS, S. The effects of principal leadership behavior on new teachers? overall job satisfaction (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from

TSCHANNEN-MORAN, M. Collaboration and the need for trust. Journal of Educational Administration, 2001, 39(4), 308-331.

TSCHIDA, C. M., SMITH, J. J., & FOGARTY, E. A. ? It just works better? ?: Introducing the 2:1 model of co-teaching in teacher preparation. The Rural Educator, 2015, 36, 11-26.

U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Digest of Education Statistics, 2017. Retrieved from:

VAN DAM, K., SCHIPPER, M., & RUNHAAR, P. Developing a competency-based framework for teacher? s entrepreneurial behaviour. Teaching and Teacher Education, 2010, 26, 965-971.

VAN DER MESCHT, H., & TYALA, Z. School principals? perceptions of team management: A multiple case-study of secondary schools. South African Journal of Education, 2008, 28(2), 221-239.

VANGRIEKEN, K., DOCHY, F., RAES, E., & KYNDT, E. Teacher collaboration: A systematic review. Educational Research Review, 2015, 15(1), 17-40.

WALKER, A. Teams in schools. International Journal of Educational Management, 1994, 8(4), 38-44.

WARRICK, D. D. What leaders need to know about organizational culture. Business Horizons, 2017, 60, 395-404.

YIRCI, R., O? ZDEMIR, T., KARTAL, S., & KOCABAŞ, I? . Teachers? perceptions regarding school principals? coaching skills. School Leadership & Management, 2014, 34, 454-469.

ZAVERIA, K. W., & THINGURI, R. W. Critical analysis of the relationship between

principals? management skills and team work in public secondary schools in Kenya. European Journal of Education Studies, 2017, 3(1), 152-163.




Como Citar

POLEGA, M.; AMORIM NETO, R. do C.; BRILOWSKI, R.; BAKER, K. Principals and teamwork among teachers: an exploratory study. Revista @mbienteeducação, São Paulo, v. 12, n. 2, p. 12–32, 2019. DOI: 10.26843/v12.n2.2019.708.p12-32. Disponível em: Acesso em: 20 jul. 2024.